Better Health

With More Science and Less Silence, Menopause Enters a New Age

Though every woman will transition into menopause, no two experiences are the same. While some welcome this new chapter, many others feel uncomfortable and unprepared for the range of life-altering changes that can be debilitating and marginalizing. Through more conversation and medical innovation, the mystery of menopause is unraveling.

Picture a performer whose hot flashes made her sweat so heavily that she shorted out the microphone. Now imagine an energetic physician who wakes up drenched in sweat every night and is exhausted in the morning, and a once-confident executive concealing sudden urges to cry at work. These are real experiences of women whose lives were upended by the onset of menopause – an inevitable process of ovarian aging that around 47 million women enter every year when their hormone production declines and they cease to have a period.1 By 2030, the world population of menopausal and postmenopausal women is projected to increase to 1.2 billion.1


Approximately one third of women will have negligible symptoms, while up to 80 % will at some point experience vasomotor symptoms such as hot flashes, night sweats, anxiety, and sleep disturbances; in severe cases, these can last 10 years or more after the last menstrual period.2 Though the study of menopause dates back to Aristotle3, misconceptions still surround the science of this turning point and its impact on a woman’s relationships, career, and self-esteem.


Am I in it? Am I through it? 


Deriving from the Greek words for month and cessation, menopause is a point in time 12 months after a woman's last menstrual period, when she is no longer able to get pregnant naturally.4 This usually happens between ages 45 and 55.4 Since the topic is still a taboo, most women don’t know the difference between menopause and perimenopause – the transitional years when declining estrogen levels can cause disruptive physical and emotional effects such as menstrual irregularities, anxiety, “brain fog”, and mood swings.5,6 Another hallmark symptom is hot flashes, a sudden feeling of heat usually in the upper part or all of the body often accompanied by flushed skin, sweating, shivering, or heart palpitations.7

 
These symptoms can significantly alter a woman’s state of health, happiness, and productivity; however, research shows that a minority of women today are receiving treatment, and many physicians are untrained and uncomfortable when it comes to discussing menopause with their patients.8 


A Taboo Transition


Though an inevitable part of the ageing process and not a disease, menopause has long carried negative connotations of losing one’s vitality and usefulness. As opposed to sexual and reproductive health education for adolescents, the basic biology of menopause has not been widely discussed or well understood by women throughout the generations.9 Symptoms are often downplayed, misattributed, and used as a punchline; they cast doubt on women in the workplace where it is harder to hide unpredictable shifts in emotions or appearance; and at a stage when women are increasingly reaching the prime of their lives, the signs and stigma of menopause can be isolating. 


A survey conducted in the UK found that most women experiencing menopausal symptoms said they had a negative impact on their work.10 Here, where women over age 50 represent the fastest growing segment of the workforce, many are calling for the introduction of formal policies to protect these women from discrimination.11 Across Europe, the US, Australia, and elsewhere, growing advocacy efforts, research, and media attention aim to end the silence around menopause and improve women’s lives during this journey.12,13,14


“Menopause is still a taboo topic, where discussions are focused on coping with symptoms, and women are often hesitant to seek support.”, explains Cecilia Caetano, Gynecologist/Obstetrician and Director of Menopause Management at Bayer. “Therefore, raising awareness, identifying and addressing barriers by providing accurate information is crucial. This will empower women to proactively speak to their doctors and make informed choices about menopause management, allowing them to take charge of their health and well-being.”


Empowering Women with More Options


The science of menopause management has come a long way and continues to evolve. As a general rule for women facing menopause, adopting healthy habits is key. This includes regular exercise, weight management, and avoiding smoking and excessive alcohol use. But lifestyle changes aren’t always enough. 


As a recognized leader in women’s health, Bayer is dedicated to continuously broadening therapeutic choices for women experiencing the debilitating symptoms of menopause.  “Our aim is to offer treatment options that will improve women’s health and quality of life by significantly alleviating their menopause symptoms,” says Cecilia Caetano.

References


1Maturitas. The demography of menopause. 1996 Mar;23(2):113-27. doi: 10.1016/0378-5122(95)00968-x. Viewed September 21, 2021. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/8735350/  
2 Menopause: The Journal of The North American Menopause Society Vol. 27, No. 5, pp. 498-505.
3National Institutes of Health. A historical perspective on menopause and menopausal age. Bull Indian Inst Hist Med Hyderabad. Jul-Dec 2002;32(2):121-35. Viewed September 13, 2021. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/15981376/#:~:text=Aristotle%20referred%20to%20age%20at,it%20as%20a%20deficiency%20disease. 
4National Institutes of Health. What is Menopause? Viewed September 13, 2021. https://www.nia.nih.gov/health/what-menopause
5Forbes. 73% of Women Don’t Treat Their Menopause Symptoms, New Survey Shows. July 13, 2021. Viewed September 13, 2021. https://www.forbes.com/sites/debgordon/2021/07/13/73-of-women-dont-treat-their-menopause-symptoms-new-survey-shows/?sh=76fcac38454f 
6AwarenessDays.com. World Perimenopause Day 2021. Viewed September 21. https://www.awarenessdays.com/awareness-days-calendar/world-perimenopause-day-2021/ 
7National Institutes of Health. What Are the Signs and Symptoms of Menopause? Viewed September 13, 2021. https://www.nia.nih.gov/health/what-are-signs-and-symptoms-menopause 
8AARP. What Doctors Don’t Know About Menopause. August/September 2018. Viewed September 13, 2021. https://www.aarp.org/health/conditions-treatments/info-2018/menopause-symptoms-doctors-relief-treatment.html
9The Conversation. The menopause: dreaded, derided, and seldom discussed. October 18, 2017. Viewed September 13, 2021. https://theconversation.com/the-menopause-dreaded-derided-and-seldom-discussed-85281  
10Chartered Institute of Personnel Development. Majority of working women experiencing the menopause say it has a negative impact on them at work. February 2020. Viewed September 13, 2021. https://www.cipd.co.uk/about/media/press/menopause-at-work  
11Chartered Institute of Personnel Development. The CIPD launch policy manifesto for menopause at work. Oct 18, 2019. Viewed September 13, 2021. https://www.cipd.co.uk/news-views/news-articles/manifesto-menopause-work#gref 
12Victorian Women’s Trust. Menstrual Workplace Policy. Viewed September 13, 2021. https://www.vwt.org.au/projects/menstrual-workplace-policy/ 
13National Institutes of Health. Funding: Mood and Psychosis Symptoms during the Menopause Transition. Posted November 18, 2020. Viewed September 13, 2021. https://grants.nih.gov/grants/guide/rfa-files/RFA-MH-21-105.html#_Section_I._Funding 
14Thomson Reuters. How employers can support menopausal women at work. March 15, 2021. Viewed September 13, 2021. https://www.thomsonreuters.com/en-us/posts/legal/support-menopausal-women/